Page 1 of 2
Virtually every state in the United States produces wine, which means that there is great diversity in wine from the United States because the country is so large, and climate and terroir vary from state to state.
That said, California accounts for between 90-95% of all wine production, while New York State and Washington State account for 4% of production, leaving little to the rest of the country.
In the 1960s, wine pioneers settled along the coast of California, and today the vineyards of the sunny state cover about 132,000 acres. The best conditions for producing top wines are found in the North Coast area of Napa Vally, Solano and Sonoma.
Wine from the United States is most often produced from French grapes such as Cabernet Cauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay, but the Americans also have their own grape variety: Zinfandel. However, dna studies have shown that there is a great similarity between Zinfandel and the Italian grape Primitivo.
The United States is the world's 4th largest wine country with 3,400 winemakers. To compare, France is the world's largest wine country with 85,000 winemakers.
The first vines were brought to the United States in the 18th century by Spanish missionaries who would use the wine for religious purposes.